The Lambeth Articles of 1595
The Lambeth Articles are a Calvinistic appendix to the Church of England's 39 Articles. They were the first attempt by any of the Reformed churches to deal with a threat that would later be known as Arminianism.
The articles were formally approved by the Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. John Whitgift), the Archbishop of York (Dr. Matthew Hutton), the Bishop of London (Dr. Richard Fletcher), the Bishop-elect of Bangor (Dr. Richard Vaughan), and other prelates convened at Lambeth Palace, London (20 November, 1595), but they were not sanctioned by Queen Elizabeth who was displeased with the convening of a synod without her royal permission.
Notwithstanding the English monarch, they were accepted by the Dublin Convocation in 1615 and engrafted onto the Irish Articles. A few years later (1619), they were exhibited at the Synod of Dordt by the English deputies as the judgment of the Church of England on the Arminian controversy, thus accounting for the similarities between the Lambeth Articles and the Canons of Dordt. Dordt was the only ecumenical gathering of churches during the Reformation, and as a result its Canons weigh heavily in the determination of Reformed orthodoxy to this day. Their heritage however traces to the Lambeth Articles which read as follows:
1. God from eternity has predestined some men to life, and reprobated some to death.
2. The moving or efficient cause of predestination to life is not the foreseeing of faith, or of perseverance, or of good works, or of anything innate in the person of the predestined, but only the will of the good pleasure of God.
3. There is a determined and certain number of predestined, which cannot be increased or diminished.
4. Those not predestined to salvation are inevitably condemned on account of their sins.
5. A true, lively and justifying faith, and the sanctifying Spirit of God, is not lost nor does it pass away either totally or finally in the elect.
6. The truly faithful man—that is, one endowed with justifying faith—is sure by full assurance of faith ("plerophoria fidei") of the remission of sins and his eternal salvation through Christ.
7. Saving grace is not granted, is not made common, is not ceded to all men, by which they might be saved, if they wish.
8. No one can come to Christ unless it be granted to him, and unless the Father draws him: and all men are not drawn by the Father to come to the Son.
9. It is not in the will or power of each and every man to be saved.